How we teach Speaking and Listening

The aim is for children to communicate their thoughts, ideas and opinions clearly and succinctly, as well as listening to and reflecting on the ideas of others. We encourage children to turn-take in conversations and adapt their speech to a range of situations and audiences.

The children are encouraged through drama activities and in many curriculum areas to investigate and experiment with movement, speech, space, physical objects and sound. They may be told to mime situations in drama to increase inventiveness and to develop non-verbal communication skills.

Through group work the children’s skills for negotiating and decision-making are developed e.g. role play, mime, and puppetry.

The children are encouraged to offer a personal response to the performances of others, e.g. other pupils, amateur and professional groups.

Speaking and Listening is promoted through Class Assemblies, Circle Time, discussion, turn taking, roleplay activities, hot-seating, acting out of play scripts, P4C sessions (in which children discuss morals, philosophy and develop thinking skills), improvisation and debating opportunities.

How we teach Reading

We aim for the children to become independent, fluent and enthusiastic readers, who read widely and frequently, with the skills to access, engage with and enjoy a wide range of texts.

We encourage children to read voluntarily for pleasure and to develop the ability to read fluently and with understanding.

We teach the children about different styles of reading material; fairy tales, reports, animal stories, etc. and encourage children to justify their views of about what they have read.

In Guided Reading Sessions children are involved in lots of discussion, reflection and questioning about the text. They follow the same text in groups, usually with an adult to support.

Phonics is taught every day in Reception and KS1 through the use of Jolly Phonics and Letters and Sounds so that by the end of KS1, children have developed fluent word reading skills. In KS2 some children may continue with daily phonics each morning to ensure that they are increasingly secure in the decoding skills required for independent, fluent reading.

How we teach Writing

Children are taught to match their writing style to differing audiences and purpose and to regard themselves as ‘writers’.

We aim for the children to write independently and to develop their ability to write in a wide range of genre, both fiction and non-fiction.

In KS1 pupils are encouraged to collect ideas for writing by thinking out loud using ‘Think it, speak it, write it, check it’ to ensure that their meaning is clear. Children are reminded to use finger spaces, full stops and capital letters. They are taught about “WOW” words, which are exciting and ambitious adjectives used to make their writing more interesting. The daily Phonics lessons help children to sound out words as they are writing so that, by the end of Key Stage 1, children have a good foundation in spelling and letter writing.

In KS2  the children are taught the skills of planning, drafting, revising and editing their work and that of others.


Our aim is to encourage pupils to become independent and accurate in their spelling. To be confident in using a wide vocabulary in their writing and to be aware of the difference between spoken dialect and written Standard English.

For more details for individual year groups please see the link to parent booklets in the ‘Supporting Learning at Home’ section in each year group.

Literacy Long Term Plans